This historical Surat Castle which was planned and built between 1540 and 1546 by Khudawand Khan, is one of the chief ancient monuments of Surat. It was built on the banks of river Tapi. The highest degree of safety from defence point of view is conspicuously incorporated in the construction of its entrance gate also. This magnificent gateway is so designed as to provide a massive st
ructure having strong door shutters furnished with protruding spikes at the exterior facade, and a decorative architectural treatment at the interior Facade.
The location of the city and its prosperity attracted numerous travelers and people with bad intention who wanted to take over the city, the prominent ones being the Portuguese. The main objective of construction of the castle was to protect the city from foreign attacks. It was during the period of King Sultan Mahmood-III, the king of Ahmadabad, that the construction of castle commenced. His anger regarding frequent devastation of the Surat city laid the foundation for construction of this strong castle. The responsibility of constructing the castle was laid on the shoulders of Safi Agha who was basically a Turkish soldier rewarded with the title of Khudawand Khan. The castle came up in 6 years time span between the year 1540 and 1546 at an area of 1 acre on the banks of Tapti River.
The castle contains huge towers which are round in shape with a height of 12.2 meter. The walls of the tower are very wide with approximately 4.1 meter width. In order to ensure high strength for the building, the component units were fastened together using iron strips. The various joints around the caste were filled using melted lead to provide additional strength to sustain terrific attacks by the enemies.
The most striking attraction of the castle is the gateway which opens towards the east direction and contained several projecting spikes on its door to stop the entrance of enemies. The castle was also provided with a moat which was connected to the river and the moat always had water in it. The access to the castle was through a drawbridge which could be closed when required thus restricting the enemies from getting access to the castle. Many of the architecture and constructional grandeur in this castle has vanished over time. However, it still remains a major tourist attraction among the people visiting the city.
How to get there
By road: Surat lies 234 km from Ahmedabad, 131km from Vadodara, and 297 km from Mumbai. Bus stations, both ST and private, are on the eastern edge of the city.
By rail: Train stations are also on the eastern edge of the city.
By air: Various domestic flights connecting metros and other major cities are operational from the Surat Airport